Getting adequate calories help children grow and develop at a normal pace. The daily calorie intake for kids differs on the basis of age, gender and greatly upon the activity level of the child. It is essential for kids to have a balanced diet and get the required amount of calories.
Food that we eat supplies us with the energy required by our bodies. Energy intake has to meet energy requirements. When energy intake is less than energy expenditure, one tends to lose weight. When energy intake is more than energy expenditure, one tends to gain weight.
A lot of parents don't want to struggle with the eating issues so they give up, letting kids make their own choices which results in junk food consumption. Junk food is an informal term for food that is of little nutritional value and is often high in fat, sugar, and calories with little protein, vitamins or minerals. They are less healthy therefore they should not be consumed frequently. Common junk food includes salted snack food, chewing gum, candy, sweet desserts, fried fast food, and carbonated beverages.
Kids not having a balanced diet can face either of the two problems:
Over nutrition results from eating too much, eating too many of the wrong food, not exercising enough, or taking too many vitamins or other dietary replacements. Over-nutrition often leads to Obesity, which is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems.
How to Combat Obesity
Obesity can be treated with less/reduced calorie intake and physical exercise. Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense food such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber i.e. vegetables and fruits.
It is a condition, which develops when the body does not get the right amount of nutrients it needs to maintain healthy tissues and organ function. Malnutrition begins with changes in nutrient levels in blood and tissues. Alterations in enzyme levels, tissue abnormalities, and organ malfunction may be followed by illness and death. Chronic malnutrition occurs over a period of time.
There are two categories of malnutrition:
It is due to consumption of too few essential nutrients or using or excreting them more rapidly than they can be replaced. Infants, young children, and teenagers need additional nutrients. Nutrient loss can be accelerated by diarrhea, excessive sweating, heavy bleeding, or kidney failure. Two common types of under-nutrition are stunting and wasting.
Stunting: It is a form of growth failure in which the height of children is shorter than average/normal for their age.
Wasting: It is a form of growth failure in which the weight of children is less than average /normal for their height.